標題: A general analytical model for head response to oscillatory pumping in unconfined aquifers: effects of delayed gravity drainage and initial condition
作者: Huang, Ching-Sheng
Tsai, Ya-Hsin
Yeh, Hund-Der
Yang, Tao
環境工程研究所
Institute of Environmental Engineering
公開日期: 8-Mar-2019
摘要: Oscillatory pumping tests (OPTs) provide an alternative to constant-head and constant-rate pumping tests for determining aquifer hydraulic parameters when OPT data are analyzed based on an associated analytical model coupled with an optimization approach. There are a large number of analytical models presented for the analysis of the OPT. The combined effects of delayed gravity drainage (DGD) and the initial condition regarding the hydraulic head are commonly neglected in the existing models. This study aims to develop a new model for describing the hydraulic head fluctuation induced by the OPT in an unconfined aquifer. The model contains a groundwater flow equation with the initial condition of a static water table, Neumann boundary condition specified at the rim of a partially screened well, and a free surface equation describing water table motion with the DGD effect. The solution is derived using the Laplace, finite-integral, and Weber transforms. Sensitivity analysis is carried out for exploring head response to the change in each hydraulic parameter. Results suggest that the DGD reduces to instantaneous gravity drainage in predicting transient head fluctuation when the dimensionless parameter a(1) = epsilon S(y)b/K-z exceeds 500 with empirical constant epsilon, specific yield S-y, aquifer thickness b, and vertical hydraulic conductivity K-z. The water table can be regarded as a no-flow boundary when a(1) < 10(-2) and P < 10(4) s, with P being the period of the oscillatory pumping rate. A pseudo-steady-state model without the initial condition causes a time-shift from the actual transient model in predicting simple harmonic motion of head fluctuation during a late pumping period. In addition, the present solution agrees well with head fluctuation data observed at the Savannah River site. Highlights. An analytical model of the hydraulic head due to oscillatory pumping in unconfined aquifers is presented. Head fluctuations affected by instantaneous and delayed gravity drainages are discussed. The effect of the initial condition on the phase of head fluctuation is analyzed. The present solution agrees well with head fluctuation data taken from field oscillatory pumping.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-1323-2019
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/149000
ISSN: 1027-5606
DOI: 10.5194/hess-23-1323-2019
期刊: HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES
Volume: 23
起始頁: 1323
結束頁: 1337
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