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dc.contributor.authorChang, Ko-Shihen_US
dc.contributor.authorLee, Nien-Hungen_US
dc.contributor.authorKuo, Wei-Wenen_US
dc.contributor.authorHu, Wei-Syunen_US
dc.contributor.authorChang, Mu-Hsinen_US
dc.contributor.authorTsai, Fuu-Jenen_US
dc.contributor.authorTsai, Kun-Hsien_US
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yuh-Shyongen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Tung-Shengen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Chih-Yangen_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Insulin growth factor II (IGFII) is expressed after ischemic stress in pig hearts and after myocardial infarction in humans. However, its receptor (IGFIIR) cannot be found in normal adult hearts. Moreover, a mouse IGFII overexpression model showed a heart and kidney hypertrophy phenomenon similar to Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome in humans. The previous studies from our lab showed that an increase in AngII in H9c2 cells causes an elevation in IGFII and IGFIIR through MEK and JNK activation, leading to a rise in intracellular Ca2+ ions, activation of calcineurin by PLC-beta 3 via Gaq, insertion into mitochondrial membranes of BAD, and apoptosis via activation of caspases 9 and 3. Codonopsis pilosula (Dung-shen) has various uses in traditional Chinese medicine, including lowering blood pressure, and increasing red and white blood cell counts. Methods: The purpose of our study is to investigate whether the addition of C. pilosula will attenuate the Angl I plus Leu27-IGF11-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Results: From MTT [3-(4, 5-dimethy1-2-thiazolyI)-2, 5-dipheny1-2-tetrazolium bromide] results, it was revealed that Angll plus Leu27-IGFII significantly reduced cell viability, which was reversed by C. pilosula. Additionally, C. pilosula also reversed apoptosis (TUNEL staining) increased by Angll plus Leu27-IGFII. Up-regulation of caspase 3 by Angl I plus Leu27-IGFII was attenuated by C. pilosula treatment, as shown in western blotting assay and immunofluorescence microscopy results. Conclusions: C. pilosula is able to suppress the apoptotic pathway enhanced by Angl I plus Leu27-IGFII in myocardial cells.en_US
dc.subjectAngiotensin IIen_US
dc.subjectCodonopsis pilosulaen_US
dc.subjectLeucine27-insulin like growth factor IIen_US
dc.subjectMitochondrial outer membrane permeabilityen_US
dc.titleDung-Shen Downregulates the Synergistic Apoptotic Effects of Angiotensin II Plus Leu 27-IGF II on Cardiomyoblastsen_US
dc.identifier.journalACTA CARDIOLOGICA SINICAen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Biological Science and Technologyen_US
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